Laos is a landlocked country covering 236,800 square kilometres, approximately the same size as Ecuador or Great Britain. It comprises mostly mountains and plateaus. The Mekong River flows through western and southern regions and forms a natural border with Thailand and Myanmar. On its banks nestle most of Laos’ important cities, such as the capital Vientiane and the former royal capital, Luang Prabang.

From the golden temple spires of Luang Prabang to the colorful, thriving hill tribe populations to the endless opportunities for kayaking and trekking among spectacular natural scenery, Laos has a wealth of sights and activities to offer.

Rugged mountains cover more than 75 percent of the country. The vegetation is diverse and rich comprising tropical and subtropical species, from mango and palms to hardwoods. About half the country is still covered with primary forests.


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  • Vientiane

  • Vientiane, capital of Laos, is Asia’s biggest village. Busy and hectic in comparison to the rest of the country, it is quiet compared with any o
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  • Luang Prabang

  • Luang Prabang is the jewel of Indochina, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1995. The ancient royal city is surrounded by mountains at the junctio
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Fact File


LanguageLao and Thai dialects

ClimateTwo monsoons set the rhythm of rural life in Laos. The cool, dry, north-eastern monsoon blows from about November to March and brings little rain. From May to early October, the south-western monsoon picks up moist air from over the Indian Ocean, bringing strong winds, high humidity and heavy rains throughout the country. The weather is transitional between the seasons, but even during the wet season it rarely rains in the morning. Most of the rain comes in afternoon downpours. Visitors should be warned that roads in the north-eastern regions in particular can become flooded during the rains. Travel in these areas should be avoided during the peak of the wet seasons

CurrencyLao Kip (LAK)

VisaMost nationalities require a visa to enter Laos. There are two methods of applying for a visa from Laos: applying through an Embassy of Laos and applying for a visa on arrival

HealthAdvised immunization against malaria, tetanus, typhoid, hepatitis A & B, rabies, tuberculosis, diphtheria, Japanese B encephalitis, meningococcal meningitis

PassportsPassports should be valid for more than six months after the proposed date of departure from Laos

Time ZoneGMT + 7 hours