Amman is located in a hilly area of north-western Jordan. The city was originally built on seven hills, but it now spans over an area of nineteen hills (each known as a Jabal, Tàl, Mount or Mountain). The main areas of Amman gain their names from the hills and mountains on whose slopes they lie. The city’s elevation ranges from mountain to mountain, and can be clearly seen in the city’s streets, as many of the roads are very steep to the point where the accompanying pavements are turned into stairs.

Amman is one of the most liberal and westernised cities in the Middle East, ahead of places like Cairo or Damascus. Its culture and arts scene is thriving.  Much of Amman’s tourism is focused in the older downtown area, which is centered around the old souk (a colorful traditional market) and the King Hussein Mosque.  The city is also home to many jewelers and souvenir shops for citizens and tourists alike, and there are numerous nightclubs and bars across the city especially in West Amman.

Fact File


LanguageArabic and English

ClimateThe Jordan Valley and the area around Aqaba is warm during winter (January-February) with chilly evenings, and extremely hot in summer (June-August). In the Eastern Desert, the winter can be bitterly cold and dry and the summer intensely hot. The central spine of hills can receive snowfall in winter and is cool in the evenings in summer. Rain falls between November and March

CurrencyJordanian Dinar

VisaNo visa is required for Irish passport holders

HealthRecommended vaccinations for Poliomyelitis, Tetanus, Typhoid, Hepatitis A

PassportsPassports should be valid for at least six months after proposed date of departure from Jordan

Time ZoneGMT + 2 (Oct-Mar) / GMT +3 (Apr-Sep)